Randomness, as we ordinarily think of it, exists when some outcomes occur haphazardly, unpredictably, or by chance. These aforementioned three notions are all distinct, but they all have some kind of close connection to probability. Notoriously, there are many kinds of probability - subjective probabilities, evidential probabilities, and objective chances, to name just a few. We might be here all night if we dig deeper but we won't. Surfice to say we have done all the maths so you do not have to.
It is not technology, but the intelligent application of technology that helps to provide some insight into these seemingly random and disparate numbers. It is not an answer in itself, but an enabler. Like all enablers, it is only as smart as the people using it.